Shiozawa tsumugi silk
Shiozawa tsumugi is a type of silk made in the former town of Shiozawa, Niigata in northern Japan.
The area is known for its heay snow and wet climate, which is suitable for the weaving. Around this region, there is a fabric called Echigo-jofu, which is a ramie. This textile is said to have originated in the Nara period (710-794). Shiozawa tsumigi silk's technique developed from the Echigo-jofu in 17th century. The warp (parallel threads) uses raw silk while the weft (perpendicular threads) uses hand-spun floss silk yarn.
Its characteristics lie in the Kasuri patterns, which is images that result from wrapping fibers with threads in order to dye the specif parts of the fabric. These patterns include a cross pattern, a tortoise shell pattern and so on.
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